There are a number of reasons why one should consider making use of chemical biomass. As an alternative form of energy, it can be replenished as well as harnessed to provide electricity to thousands of homes all over the world. This is because it can substitute fossil fuels. In fact, it has become one of the most dependable fuel sources for countries such as the United Kingdom.
What Is Its Biochemical Process?
When one says of biomass, he or she is actually referring to any material that can be derived from organisms, dead or living. Examples include dead wood, food crops, and animal manure. A biomass can also be created by gathering food scraps such as vegetable and fruit, and animal manure.
Through a biochemical process of your choice, you can break down their molecules and use them for something else.
Types of Biochemical Conversion
There are many ways on how you can create biomass through a chemical procedure. First, you have anaerobic digestion.
As its name implies, this is a process wherein microorganisms would break down components of the biodegradable material without the help of oxygen. This is one of the most preferred methods for the following reasons:
Its by-product can be used as fuel. By-product refers to an incidental product. This means it is not the main purpose for the conversion. Nevertheless, anaerobic digestion produces one of the most powerful by-products in the world: a biogas that is enriched not only with carbon dioxide but also with methane. Hence, you already have a very good substitute for fossil fuels, which are the generic materials used to run electric power plants.
It leaves a cleaner environment. Anaerobic digestion is mainly utilized for the treatment of sewage water and for proper management of wastes. This way, you can reduce gas emissions in landfills.
It works with virtually all kinds of organic materials. Almost all kinds of living thing-derived materials can be converted into another form through anaerobic digestion.
Another is called fermentation. During the process of fermentation, the electrons are released from the nutrients and then transferred to the molecules that have been derived from the same nutrient's breakdown. Fermentation is being practiced in different industries, including food and beer manufacturing.
There are two common materials used during fermentation. You have bacteria and yeast. One of the common products of fermentation is ethyl alcohol, which can be produced when sugars are being broken down. When produced in much higher quantities, ethanol can already run a car, making it a good substitute for diesel and petroleum whose prices continue to increase over time.
The most common materials used for the production of ethanol are those that are high in starch such as tapioca, rice, and potatoes.
Composting is a very common practice and can be accomplished right at your own home using the most basic materials. The goal of composting is to create a biomass through aerobic conditions. Organic material is usually combined with soil since it is rich in nitrogen, which is needed to create more organisms for carbon oxidation.