The possibilities of Biomass and Electricity has been discussed from the time that the solar energy in this product was first realized. The problems faced by those working on this project were to determine which type of organic materials should be used and what process would be necessary to harness its energy into an inexpensive and efficient type of electricity. They found that the process was not difficult but making it into something that was inexpensive was another issue.
The principle of electricity is not new. History will trace it back for centuries but it was not until the late 19th century that it came into the necessity for living that it is today. It has become a huge source of an energy that is needed for people's lives throughout the world. The process for producing electricity, as we know it today is quite complicated and because of its versatility, it has been put in use in all forms of our society. Because of its vast use, it is expected to be used by society indefinitely.
The problem with the current electricity picture is its use of fossil fuels. The awareness that the emission from this product is harming the atmosphere has captured people's attention throughout the world. As a result, scientists have been working on an alternate source using Biomass.
In Poland, for example, as part of the European Union treaty, they have been ordered to increase their renewable electricity production by a substantial amount no later than 2010. They are trying to increase a great deal of this ordered increase by using biomass-based electricity. They are experimenting by co-firing Biomass in their current coal-fired power plants. Information shows that the electricity being produced is much less expensive than that previously produced with fossil fuel alone.
The United States government became very interested in this prospect of co-firing and established the Biomass Power for Rural Development office in 2000. A program was developed to use biomass, by co-firing, to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and to reduce the emissions of harmful elements into the air. Although there was a lot of money spent and incentives given regarding this program it did not make any progress. At the present time this interest has been re-newed.
Currently, Congress has been having a number of committee meetings regarding enacting legislation to require utility companies to develop biomass technology into their production of electricity. In addition, there are thirty states that require their utility companies to use a percentage of renewable energy in their production of electricity. There have been few protests from these companies as they can use their present equipment to co-fire the biomass with their current fuel source.
In addition, a huge amount of federal money is being used to bring about renewable energy from biomass to be used in heat, electricity and transportation by our society. Because of the difficulty of transferring the organic material to a finished product a great deal of these funds are being used for research and implementation. Many incentives are also being offered to those who are engaged in this conversion.
There is no doubt that Biomass and Electricity are going to be recognized as a viable contribution to our society as soon as it can be developed fully. When the source of the biomass can be developed to a point where can be reasonably grown and priced, on a commercial scale, it can be developed to its fullest extent. Biomass is rapidly becoming an energy source that is just now reaching its potential.