Biomass energy has the world excited about the possibility of getting energy using natural forces. For many years people have been concerned about the depletion of fossil fuels which all depend on for so many things. Driving one's car, turning on the gas furnace, and many other operations have depended on these fuels through the years. Biomass is looked on as the answer to this problem. There has just been one problem and that is Biomass Conversion.
Biomass, which is formed by solar energy and green plants ends up in solid form. Municipal waste and other things that also convert into Biomass are in solid form. This makes their movement and conversion to other types of energy difficult.
Two ways now being researched to make this change are fermentation and pyrolysis. Ethanol and methane gases are now produced this way. For Ethanol the biomass starch is pulverized and yeast added to form the gas. There are over a billion gallons produced each year using this method. Methane gas is produced from animal manure and is processed using bacteria. This is quite a lengthy process and experiments are being made to speed up the process.
The use of biomass as a fuel has made it very attractive as an alternative to gasoline and oil. It is estimated there are over 100,000,000 metric tons of this product produced annually. When the conversion process is developed to where it can be done quickly and inexpensively it is expected that Biomass fuel will take over the industry.
In 2010 a World Congress was held in Washington D. C. To discuss biofuels and biobased products. This congress was attended by business leaders, investors and policy makers from all over the world as well as scientists, government officials and others. Over 2,000 people attended this affair. Their main concentration was how to apply this new energy to today's needs.
Forty seven percent of all renewable energy in 2002 was used in the United States. Biomass was the largest supplier of renewable energy from all sources. It supplied six times that supplied by geothermal, solar and wind energy sources and currently supplies approximately twelve percent of the world's needs.
There are several plans in the works regarding the use of biofuels. It is expected that automobile manufacturers will be required, in a few years, to start producing cars to use this fuel. Currently there are 84 ethanol plants in the U. S. And more being planned. The ethanol they are producing is currently mixed with gasoline, making up ten percent of the mixture.
At the current time it has been reported that there are over 40 pilot production biorefineries in the United States. Their purpose is to develop a Biomass Conversion method to produce liquid, which can be used as fuel on a larger scale than is presently being done. It has been stated that biofuels can reduce automobile emissions into the atmosphere by over one hundred percent, as well as reduce our dependence on foreign oil. This is the goal of Biomass.